Business Development and Planning
Economic Development Specialist
Aquaculture and Lifestock Support Service
Hawaii Dept. of Agriculture
Education and Extension
Univ of Hawaii at Manoa
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
Aquaculture Extension Specialist
Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture (CTSA)
The Oceanic Institute
41-202 Kalanianaole Hwy.
Waimanalo, HI 96795
Tel: (808) 956-3385
Hawaii Aquaculture and Aquaponics Association
PO Box 29398
Honolulu, Hawaii 96820
Hawaii’s tropical environment is suitable for growing warm-water fish like tilapia.
More information about tilapia culture in Hawaii
- Aquaculture of Tilapia in Hawaii
- Aquaponic systems grow food sustainably
- Growing Tilapia and Vegetable with Aquaponics
- Tilapia looking for a little respect
Hawaii has a long history of encouraging and supporting commercial aquaculture development that continues today. The state wants to use this food production technology to expand and diversify the economies on all islands and enhance overall island food selfsufficiency.
The Islands have the longest tradition of aquaculture in the United States, as evidenced by the many remarkable remnants of the coastal, stone‐walled fish ponds constructed by early Hawaiians over 800 years ago.
R.H. Ward (Welton) Ltd.’s tilapia farm, The Fish Company, in the United Kingdom is Europe’s first tilapia farm to attain Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification, the Global Aquaculture Alliance announced at Seafood Expo Global in Brussels, Belgium, on May 6. It’s also the United Kingdom’s first aquaculture farm to achieve the distinction.
Located in Welton Cliff, Lincolnshire, the farm, which has been in operation since 2007, earned BAP certification in April. The tilapia are reared in a centrally heated recirculating system inside in a custom-built 1080-square-meter facility heated by a waste-wood biomass boiler and partially powered by a 45-kilowatt solar photovoltaic array.
Currently, the company produces approximately 50 tons of tilapia annually but hopes to reach a full production capacity of approximately 100 tons in the near future. The fish are processed by B & L Filleting, a local, family-owned seafood-processing company in Grimsby, and are sold as gutted, whole round red tilapia to UK supermarkets under the “The Fish Company” brand.
“It has been essential for The Fish Company to maintain a standard of production in line with the stringent quality guidelines that consumers have come to expect,” said Richard Beckett of R.H. Ward. “Attaining the BAP certification provides assurances to our customers that our facility meets international quality standards and is an endorsement of our commitment to advanced, sustainable fish farming.”
A division of the Global Aquaculture Alliance, Best Aquaculture Practices is an international certification program based on achievable, science-based and continuously improved performance standards for the entire aquaculture supply chain — farms, hatcheries, processing plants and feed mills — that assure healthful foods produced through environmentally and socially responsible means. BAP certification is based on independent audits that evaluate compliance with the BAP standards developed by the Global Aquaculture Alliance. (Date: May, 2014)
BOXMEER, THE NETHERLANDS, August 18, 2014 – MSD Animal Health (known as Merck Animal Health in the USA and Canada) today introduced a new fish vaccine as a promising measure to help protect tilapia and other fish against the biotype 1 strain of Streptococcus agalactiae, which is the biotype specific to Thailand and other key tilapia-producing regions in Asia, including Malaysia.
“We are pleased to introduce a new fish vaccine to help producers protect their fish from one of the most costly diseases affecting the species,” said Norman Lim, Regional Technical Manager for aquaculture in Asia, MSD Animal Health. “The vaccine is backed by MSD Animal Health’s ‘Strep Control: Your Tilapia Health’ program, which provides producers with the support they need to implement an effective vaccination and control program.”
MSD Animal Health conducted extensive sampling of farms in the world’s most important tilapia-producing regions and found that Streptococcus accounted for 70 percent of all pathogens collected, making it the most prevalent disease affecting tilapia. Of the two Streptococcus strains that have been identified, S. agalactiae is the most economically damaging, causing widespread mortality and morbidity in larger fish.
In a laboratory test, fish experienced full onset of immunity one week after vaccination with this vaccine and protection was demonstrated to last for at least 12 weeks.1 In a large- scale field trial in an environment challenged by S. agalactiae biotype 1, the fish vaccine increased survival by 17 percent, increased biomass by 11.2 percent, and improved feed conversion efficiency by nine percent. Protection was demonstrated for the entire grow-out period.
The fish vaccine provides specific protection against the biotype 1 strain of S. agalactiae, the main cause of Streptococcosis in tilapia in Thailand. Fish vaccinated with the vaccine are safe for human consumption.
As part of the ‘Strep Control: Your Tilapia Health’ program, MSD Animal Health can help producers confirm the strain and biotype present on their farm, implement a surveillance and vaccination program, and train staff on appropriate control strategies. Producers can consult their MSD Animal Health representative or a fish health professional to learn about MSD Animal Health’s ‘Strep Control: Your Tilapia Health’ program and the new fish vaccine.
About MSD Animal Health
Today’s MSD is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. MSD Animal Health, known as Merck Animal Health in the United States and Canada, is the global animal health business unit of MSD. Through its commitment to the Science of Healthier AnimalsTM, MSD Animal Health offers veterinarians, farmers, pet owners and governments one of the widest range of veterinary pharmaceuticals, vaccines and health management solutions and services. MSD Animal Health is dedicated to preserving and improving the health, well- being and performance of animals. It invests extensively in dynamic and comprehensive R&D resources and a modern, global supply chain. MSD Animal Health is present in more than 50 countries, while its products are available in some 150 markets. For more information, visit www.msd-animal-health.com or connect with us on LinkedIn.
Agencies / Regulatory
Sean F. Bowen
Food Safety and Aquaculture Specialist
Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources
251 Causeway Street, Suite 500
Boston, MA 02114
Education and Extension
Associate Director, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment
316 Stockbridge Hall
80 Campus Center Way
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, MA 01003
Massachusetts Aquaculture Association
P.O. Box 500
North Eastham, MA 02651
The Massachusetts aquaculture industry is a very diverse sector of the Commonwealth’s agriculture industry. Although the cultivation of aquatic species (specifically shellfish and crustaceans) was practiced by the Native Americans and later by the colonists on Cape Cod, it was not until the 1970s when more efficient cultivation techniques were developed that commercial cultivation activities began. Since that time aquaculture in Massachusetts has grown to include more than 15 species of fish and shellfish that are cultivated for food, research, biomedical, sport and ornamental purposes.
Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries reported that the Massachusetts shellfish aquaculture industry generated more than $6.2 million in 2006. At that time, there were more than 350 individuals and companies involved in aquaculture in Massachusetts with nearly 300 as marine shellfish culture enterprises growing primarily Quahogs (hard shell clam) and American oyster. The Commonwealth’s finfish growers produce a variety of species of finfish, including barramundi, tilapia, largemouth bass, black sea bass, brown bullhead, several species of trout, and several species of baitfish.
Although there are a number of institutions, organizations and government entities involved in the Bay State’s aquaculture industry, the primary trade group working for the industry is the Massachusetts Aquaculture Association. (Source: Mass.gov)
There are a few farms growing tilapia in Massachusetts.
The Barr Family Farm (Rehoboth, MA) is an aquaponic farm where we raise tilapia and use the fish emulsion to fertilize our hydroponic greenhouse crops and field crops
E & T Farms, Inc. (W. Barnstable, MA) specializes in aquaponics. We raise fish and hydroponic vegetables, as well as produce our own honey. Please contact us for more information, or visit us during our retail hours Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday from 10:00-4:00.
UMASS student-run Aquaculture and Aquaponics
The UMass aquaculture system is being monitored and maintained by UMass students.Tilapia are being raised currently, and the plants being grown are a variety of edible leafy garden plants. The type of fish and plants that are part of the system are subject to change depending on student goals and interests.
Tilapia are a freshwater finfish that have been farmed for thousands of years. Native to northern Africa they are a worm water species that have been raised by locals via small scale, low tech operations. They are a fast growing, large fish that are mainly primary consumers; Tilapia are an ideal species for aquaculture systems. Current educational projects in Uganda run by James Webb are focusing on inexpensive, energy efficient aquaculture systems that can be utilized to increase productivity of many systems that have already been established by local farmers.
The predominant regulation governing freshwater aquaculture in Massachusetts is 321 CMR 4.09 (Artificial Propagation of Finfish), and can be found at: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/dfg/dfw/laws-regulations/cmr/321-cmr-400-fishing.html.
Culture of tilapia in MA requires a Type C fish species, accordingly, the permit required is a Class 3, Type C permit, issed by the Division of Fish and Wildlife. This is required to be a closed/recirculated system, as is spelled out in the regulation.
Seafood consumers in the United States (US) can now enjoy responsibly farmed tilapia that has been certified to the ASC standard for responsible aquaculture.
Tai Foong USA is the first company in the US to source and sell ASC certified tilapia under its Northern Chef brand. Its Northern Chef Tilapia Fillets 10 oz product have been on sale since mid-May this year across the country in Sprouts Farmers Market, Ingles Markets, Tops Friendly Markets, Lucky’s Markets, Nugget Markets, Fresh Thyme Farmers Markets, and through the Harvest Meat Company. Tai Foong USA expects to distribute to an additional 5,000 stores this year alone.
Davy Lam, President Tai Foong USA, said that the ASC certified tilapia has become the number one seller in the Northern Chef fin fish line of products due its high quality, clean taste and responsibly farmed attributes. “We are thrilled to be able to offer our customers responsibly farmed tilapia,” Lam said. “The ASC logo on the pack ensures that the fish has been certified against the most robust standard in the market. Tai Foong is committed to promoting environmental and social responsibility. The ASC program supports our responsible sourcing policy and provides our customers with a greater choice. Therefore, we also plan to offer ASC certified shrimp in the US market once it is available.”
“I am delighted that the first product with the on-pack ASC logo is now available in the United States,” said Chris Ninnes, ASC’s CEO. “Thanks to Tai Foong’s commitment and vision to provide US consumers with responsibly farmed Tilapia, consumers are in turn rewarding the commitment of the farms through their seafood purchases.”
“It is encouraging to see new countries enter the ASC program. The US is a leading global market so this marks a major milestone for the ASC. I look forward to more US companies sourcing ASC certified products and the ASC program expanding further in this important market in the years to come.”
Helping consumers make responsible choices
The on-pack ASC logo helps consumers make an informed choice when shopping for seafood. Products carrying the logo reassure customers that the fish is sourced from a farm that minimizes its environmental and social impact.
When shoppers buy ASC labelled products the certified farms receive the market recognition they deserve. Farms must meet the strict requirements set out in the ASC standards showing that they are well managed, use responsible farming methods and are socially responsible.
As a result, ASC certified farms deliver a cleaner seabed, cleaner water and healthier fish. They can also demonstrate that they are preserving the diversity of the species and wild population, adhering to strict feed requirements and ensuring social responsibility.
Companies in the supply chain that wish to sell their products as ASC certified must pass a rigorous Chain of Custody third party audit by an independent accredited certifier. The companies must demonstrate that they have solid traceability systems in place to guarantee that no product mixing or substitution can occur.
Certified companies are subject to annual surveillance audits, unannounced audits and product trace backs.
Tai Foong USA
Tai Foong USA, Inc. offers all natural seafood and Asian cuisine products to retail and foodservice operators. Tai Foong USA, Inc is a leading importer and distributor of seafood and other food items. Founded in 1958, Tai Foong USA, Inc is a private family-owned business based in Seattle, Washington. You will find their brands (Royal Asia and Northern Chef) on grocery store shelves across North America. Tai Foong USA, Inc is committed to supplying their customers with the finest, highest quality food products in the world.
About the ASC
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) is an independent, not-for-profit organization co- founded by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) in 2010 to manage the certification of responsible fish farming across the globe.
The ASC standards require farm performance to be measured against both environmental and social requirements.
Certification is through an independent third party process and (draft) reports are uploaded to the public ASC website.
The on-pack ASC logo guarantees to consumers that the fish they purchase has been farmed with minimal impacts on the environment and on society.
For more information about ASC please visit www.asc-aqua.org.
Agencies / Regulatory
Kentucky Division of Fish and Wildlife
#1 Sportsman’s Lane
Frankfort, KY 40601
Education and Extension
Kentucky State University
Aquaculture Research Center
103 Athletics Road
Kentucky State University
Dr. Jim Tidwell
Division of Aquaculture
Dr. Sid Dasgupta Professor and
Economics and Marketing
Voice: (502) 597-5036
Fax: (502) 597-8118
Dr. Bob Durborow
State Extension Specialist for Aquaculture
KSU Specialists are housed in western and central Kentucky. Dr. William Wurts is at the UK Princeton Research and Extension Center, and Mr. Forrest Wynne is in the Purchase area of western Kentucky where he assists and supports the rapidly growing catfish industry.
Dr. Bill Wurts
Aquaculture Extension Princeton, Ky.
Kentucky Aquaculture Association
150 Keltner Rd
Campbellsville, KY 42718
Kentucky Dept. of Agriculture
111 Corporate Drive
Frankfort, Kentucky 40601
Phone: (502) 573-0282
Fax: (502) 564-2133
Tilapia: A Potential Species for Kentucky Fish Farms
Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(1): 6
William A. Wurts, State Specialist for Aquaculture
Kentucky State University Cooperative Extension Program
Several species of tilapia and their hybrids are farmed throughout the world. The blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea) is a species that has been grown in the United States. Another commonly cultured species is Tilapia nilotica. There is evidence to suggest the Egyptians raised tilapia in ponds over 3000 years ago. Tilapia are also called “Saint Peter’s Fish” because it has been said that they were the fish Peter caught when Christ told him to cast out his nets in the Sea of Galilee.
Tilapia have several attributes which make them attractive as a culture species: high tolerance of poor water quality and crowding, good performance on commercial catfish feed (32% protein), a high degree of disease resistance, and a mild flavored, white flesh. Because of their tolerance for poor water quality and crowding, tilapia are well suited to cage culture and recirculating systems. Research has also shown that in addition to controlling filamentous algae, tilapia stocked in channel catfish ponds can help control off-flavors by eating blue-green and other large planktonic algae.
Tilapia have a good growth rate. A 2- to 4-ounce tilapia fingerling can reach ¾ lb by the end of a temperate growing season. Tilapia performance is best in a temperature range of 72-90º F. Growth and feeding slow when water temperatures drop below 70º F. However, tilapia are cold intolerant and die when water temperatures are lower than 45-55º F. Blue tilapia will survive in lower water temperatures (above 45º F) than most other species of tilapia. The pond production season in Kentucky would begin in late April and end before the middle of October. Therefore, tilapia harvesting and marketing would be seasonal and within a week or two of the same time each year. Indoor culture of tilapia in recirculating systems could extend the growing season.
Aquaponics at Kentucky State University Aquaculture Research Center
Information supplied by Angela Caporelli (AGR) email: firstname.lastname@example.org:
“KY requires a “Propagation Permit” through KY Fish and Wildlife. This lets you raise transport and sell fish within the state. If you are transporting out of state your would need transport permits from those receiving state and transit states.
KCARD has helped some fish farming enterprises put together business plans for fish farms and there are several resources through the publications available through the Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. Or SRAC publications.
There are several culture techniques employed in KY with the most being pond culture. We do have some re-circulating systems, aquaponic systems, cage culture some reservoirs ranching and water discharge systems. . All depending on what you want to raise, they can be species specific. We raise here: catfish, paddlefish, freshwater prawn, tilapia, large mouth bass and hybrid striped bass, a little bit of trout and red claw crayfish.”
The best resource for contacts is KY State University, they are one of the top five aquaculture schools in the US and are a wealth of knowledge.