Tag Archives: permits
For more information, see Ohio Aquaculture Industry Analysis
Some Ohio tilapia farms:
Ripple Rock Fish Farms
6805 Old Stagecoach Road,
Frazeysburg, Ohio, 43822
Sugar Creek Fishery
7799 Sugar Creek Rd
Lima, OH 45801
Regulatory Issues in Ohio Regarding Aquaculture
By: Laura Tiu, Aquaculture Specialist, OSU South Centers
Aquaculture is a form of agriculture in Ohio.
Ohio Revised Code 1.61. “Agriculture” defined.
As used in any statute except section 303.01 or 519.01 of the Revised Code, “agriculture” includes farming; ranching; aquaculture; apiculture and related apicultural activities, production of honey, beeswax, honeycomb, and other related products; horticulture; viticulture, winemaking, and related activities; animal husbandry, including, but not limited to, the care and raising of livestock, equine, and fur-bearing animals; poultry husbandry and the production of poultry and poultry products; dairy production; the production of field crops, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, nursery stock, ornamental shrubs, ornamental trees, flowers, sod, or mushrooms; timber; pasturage; any combination of the foregoing; the processing, drying, storage, and marketing of agricultural products when those activities are conducted in conjunction with, but are secondary to, such husbandry or production; and any additions or modifications to the foregoing made by the director of agriculture by rule adopted in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.
In a recent survey of State Aquaculture Coordinators, the 17 states that define aquaculture find it has a number of benefits:
- sales and use tax exemptions
- building code exemptions
- right-to-farm laws developed to create a legal buffer between farms and encroaching suburbanites
- allows for sovereign submerged land leases
- protects farmers who follow BMPs from environmental lawsuits
- provides for an ombudsman to resolve issues with regulatory agencies
- disaster assistance from USDA
- access to land, water appropriations, and discharge exemptions provided to agricultural operations
- provides a seat on the state’s Agricultural Commission and representation by Farm Bureau
- makes theft of farmed fish punishable
- allows exemption from wildlife regulations on take method, season, limit, and size
- allows producers to file for agricultural land tax rates
- provides for coordinated fish health monitoring efforts
Aquaculture permits in Ohio.
Fee: $50.00 – $100.00
Ohio Revised Code 1533.632. Aquaculture permits in Ohio.
Permitting for production of aquaculture species is provided by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR), Division of Wildlife.
The Aquaculture Law Digest is accessible on-line as ODNR Publication 61.
Permits are annual from January 1 – December 31.
Transportation and Baitfish permits information available on the same webpage.
Fish Importation into Ohio
Aquatic fish health is regulated by the Ohio Department of Agriculture
Find more information on this website: http://www.ncrac.org/Info/StateImportRegs/ohio.htm#Importation
Storm Water Discharge permits – Ohio EPA
Fee: $200.00 – $500.00
As of March 10, 2003, if your construction project disturbs 1 or more acres of ground, you must get a permit to discharge storm water from your site. If your project disturbs less than 1 acre but is part of a larger plan of development or sale, you also need a permit to discharge storm water from the site. This includes excavation of ponds.
For more information: http://www.epa.ohio.gov/dsw/storm/construction_index.aspx
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit
Specific language from Federal Register 40 CFR part 451, Vol. 68, No
162 August 24, 2004:
On June 30, 2001, EPA finalized a new rule establishing regulations for concentrated aquatic animal production (CAAP), or farm raised fish facilities. The regulation will apply to approximately 245 facilities that generate wastewater from their operations and discharge that wastewater directly into waters of the United States. This rule will help reduce discharges of conventional pollutants, primarily total suspended solids. The rule will also help reduce non-conventional pollutants such as nutrients. To a lesser extent, the rule will reduce drugs that are used to manage diseased fish, chemicals used to clean net pens, and toxic pollutants (metals and PCBs). The final rule applies to direct discharges of wastewater from existing and new facilities that produce at least 100,000 pounds of fish a year and discharge at least 30 days a year and facilities that produce at least 100,000 pounds of fish a year in net pens or submerged cages.
Water Withdrawal Facilities Registration
The Water Withdrawal Facilities Registration Program, as established in H.B. 662 by the Ohio General Assembly in 1988, implements one of the objectives of the Great Lakes Charter in Ohio. Section 1521.16 of the Ohio Revised code requires any owner of a facility, or combination of facilities, with the capacity to withdraw water at a quantity greater than 100,000 gallons per day (GPD) to register such facilities with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR), Division of Water. The Water Withdrawal Facility Registration (WWFR) Program will provide information of great importance to the citizens of the state. Water, one of our most basic and precious natural resources, needs to be studied more intensely and water resource planners need reliable information to plan for the future. The state’s economy depends on water and economic development will continue to place increased demands on this critical resource.
Water withdrawal forms: http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/Water/wwfr/default/tabid/4265/Default.aspx
Your aquaculture permit allows you to sell fish live or whole on ice. If you want to process your fish product, you fall under additional regulations.
On-farm retail: If it is 100% retail from the farm (no wholesaling), it does not fall under the federal or state seafood HACCP regulation, just the local health department.
Every “processor” must conduct a hazard analysis to determine whether they have likely food safety hazards that they must control. This processing falls under Federal HACCP regulations. For more information go to:
For HACCP questions in Ohio:
Diane R. McDaniel
Assistant to District Director
1600 Watermark Drive
Columbus, OH 43215
(614)487-1273 Ext 15
Tilapia: A Potential Species for Kentucky Fish Farms
Kentucky Fish Farming, 12(1): 6
William A. Wurts, State Specialist for Aquaculture
Kentucky State University Cooperative Extension Program
Several species of tilapia and their hybrids are farmed throughout the world. The blue tilapia (Tilapia aurea) is a species that has been grown in the United States. Another commonly cultured species is Tilapia nilotica. There is evidence to suggest the Egyptians raised tilapia in ponds over 3000 years ago. Tilapia are also called “Saint Peter’s Fish” because it has been said that they were the fish Peter caught when Christ told him to cast out his nets in the Sea of Galilee.
Tilapia have several attributes which make them attractive as a culture species: high tolerance of poor water quality and crowding, good performance on commercial catfish feed (32% protein), a high degree of disease resistance, and a mild flavored, white flesh. Because of their tolerance for poor water quality and crowding, tilapia are well suited to cage culture and recirculating systems. Research has also shown that in addition to controlling filamentous algae, tilapia stocked in channel catfish ponds can help control off-flavors by eating blue-green and other large planktonic algae.
Tilapia have a good growth rate. A 2- to 4-ounce tilapia fingerling can reach ¾ lb by the end of a temperate growing season. Tilapia performance is best in a temperature range of 72-90º F. Growth and feeding slow when water temperatures drop below 70º F. However, tilapia are cold intolerant and die when water temperatures are lower than 45-55º F. Blue tilapia will survive in lower water temperatures (above 45º F) than most other species of tilapia. The pond production season in Kentucky would begin in late April and end before the middle of October. Therefore, tilapia harvesting and marketing would be seasonal and within a week or two of the same time each year. Indoor culture of tilapia in recirculating systems could extend the growing season.
Aquaponics at Kentucky State University Aquaculture Research Center
Information supplied by Angela Caporelli (AGR) email: firstname.lastname@example.org:
“KY requires a “Propagation Permit” through KY Fish and Wildlife. This lets you raise transport and sell fish within the state. If you are transporting out of state your would need transport permits from those receiving state and transit states.
KCARD has helped some fish farming enterprises put together business plans for fish farms and there are several resources through the publications available through the Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. Or SRAC publications.
There are several culture techniques employed in KY with the most being pond culture. We do have some re-circulating systems, aquaponic systems, cage culture some reservoirs ranching and water discharge systems. . All depending on what you want to raise, they can be species specific. We raise here: catfish, paddlefish, freshwater prawn, tilapia, large mouth bass and hybrid striped bass, a little bit of trout and red claw crayfish.”
The best resource for contacts is KY State University, they are one of the top five aquaculture schools in the US and are a wealth of knowledge.
“Raising Tilapia in Wisconsin is usually associated with aquaponic systems where the fish are fertilizer for the plants – it is difficult to compete with overseas fish that are selling at stores for less that it can be raised here in Wisconsin – that said some in aquaponics have found a niche market for fresh fillets – the largest of the tilapia grown in the United States goes for live Asian Markets in the largest cities and Canada.” Source: Ron Johnson
Tilapia usually need to be grown in heated environments to survive the long winter season in Wisconsin. Some progressive farms are now growing tilapia in Wisconsin using innovatively designed systems. Future Farms grows tilapia in a heated structure that uses duel loops of recirculating water. The water is heated by methane gas that comes from manure that is available from the nearby Baldwin dairy.
Future Farm Food and Fuel, LLC
2047 County Road E
Baldwin, Wisconsin 54002
51st and Bluemound Rd.
Milwaukee, WI 53208
R&D AquaFarms Inc.
4836 West Fisk Ave.
Oshkosh, WI 54904
Fish farming is regulated by both the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) and Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection (DATCP)
WDNR is responsible for environmental permits and importation of nonnative fish species (including tilapia)
DATCP is responsible for fish health and registration of fish farms – here are links to information from both agencies – http://datcp.wi.gov/uploads/Animals/pdf/2012FishFarmApplicationPacketv2.pdf
“This section reviews some of the aquatic species that constitute the existing and future Kansas aquaculture industry. Species suitable for foodfish, sportfish, and baitfish are discussed. Not every species listed is appropriate for every production system or producer. The salient features associated with each species listed are appropriate for every production system or producer. The salient features associated with each species are briefly summarized.
In addition to aquaculture species, a discussion of exotic species, genetic engineering, and fish diseases is also presented. The treatment of these subjects is not exhaustive but should provide a general awareness ofcmrently cultured aquatic species, species of future interest, as well as some of the problems and opportunities impacting the Kansas aquaculture industry.
In considering species suitable for Kansas aquaculture, several key factors must be addressed:
1. The quality and quantity of economic and natural resources available in the state.
2. The technical and biological limitations’of production.
3. The marketability ofthe cultured species.
4. Production economics.
Some of Kansas’ best hopes for aquaculture growth and expansion lie with regionally popular and readily marketable species. These include catfish, hybrid striped bass, tilapia, grass carp, crayfish, baitfish, and possibly salmon and trout” Source: Kansas Aquaculture: Strategy for Development
Tilapia can be legally raised in Kansas. The State of Kansas has only one regulation effecting fish farming and that is a prohibited species list. None of the plants or animals on the list may be possessed without a permit from the Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism.
“Aquaculture, or fish farming, is a fast-growing industry in the U.S. This growth is due to several interrelated factors. First, commercial fishing is rapidly depleting wild stocks in the oceans. Second, edible fish and seafood per capita consumption has risen from 12.8 lb in 1980 to 15.9 lb in 1989, and is expected to reach 20 lb in 2000 (although current trends indicate a leveling between 16 and 17 lb). Finally, there was an estimated fish and shellfish trade deficit of $4.9 billion in 1990. The combination of these three factors has led to increased demand for fish and seafood products that cannot be met by the greatly depleted wild catch fisheries. Aquaculture, therefore, is growing to fill the market void created by the increased demand and wild stock depletion.
New Mexico has unique environmental and biological resources that could be used to develop a viable aquaculture industry in the state. Approximately 15 billion acre-feet of saline water (2 ppt and greater salinity) are available for use in New Mexico. Saline water resources cannot be used for traditional agriculture or for drinking water, but can be used for aqua-culture. The wide array of climatic conditions found throughout the state can support a diversified and strong aquaculture industry.”
IV. Non-Native Non-Indigenous Species with Aquaculture Potential in New Mexico
“New Mexico has a large number of fish species with aquaculture potential. There also are several non-native non-indigenous, or exotic, aquaculture species with proven potential that could be raised in New Mexico. These species include tilapia, the Chinese carps, and penaeid shrimp. This section will discuss, in general terms, the culture methods and markets for these exotic species.
It is important to note that culture of exotic species in New Mexico is controlled by the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish. An “Application for Importation of Exotic Species” must be made to and accepted by the Department prior to importing or beginning culture of any non-native non-indigenous species.
Tilapia are similar in appearance to bluegill. Tilapia were imported from Africa to many parts of the world. Production of tilapia is centered in the southern U.S., the Caribbean, and Central America. In the U.S., tilapia also are cultured in colder climates using indoor recirculating systems or geothermal spring water.
Tilapia are a warmwater fish. They are disease resistant, tolerant of poor water quality, and grow well in most aquaculture systems. Culture methods ranging from open ponds to cages to water recirculating systems have been used to rear tilapia successfully. Tilapia also have been cultured successfully in saline water.
Tilapia will reproduce in most aquaculture systems. Reproduction is both a benefit and a hinderance to production of this species. It is a benefit because fingerling production is simplified. It is a hinderance because tilapia spawn frequently. The high spawning frequency slows growth and the increased fish mass due to the fry in the culture unit leads to stunting in the population.
Markets for tilapia are growing worldwide. U.S. tilapia production in 1991 was approximately 9 million pounds and has increased steadily since that time. Producer markets are available in niche markets or, if production is large enough, in larger outlets.”
Source: New Mexico Aquaculture, Michael B. Sloane, Extension Aquaculturist
Regulations and Permits
Each state has different requirements for constructing and operating fish culture facilities. Permits for effluent discharge, water rights, building, propagation of game fish, and health must be obtained from the controlling state agencies. Depending on your facility and operational plans, additional permits may be necessary. In New Mexico, for example, it is illegal to import and rear live tilapia. An “Applications for Importation of Exotic Species” may be made to the New Mexico Game and Fish Commission to rear species prohibited in the state.